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import mxnet as mx
from mxnet import gluon
from bob.ip.color import gray_to_rgb
import logging
import numpy as np
import cv2 as cv
import pickle
import os, sys
from collections import namedtuple
import time
from bob.io.image import to_matplotlib
import pkg_resources
from bob.extension import rc
from bob.extension.download import download_and_unzip
import os

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
Batch = namedtuple("Batch", ["data"])


class TinyFacesDetector:

    """TinyFace face detector. Original Model is ``ResNet101`` from 
    https://github.com/peiyunh/tiny. Please check for details. The 
    model used in this section is the MxNet version from 
    https://github.com/chinakook/hr101_mxnet.

    Attributes
    ----------
    prob_thresh: float
        Thresholds are a trade-off between false positives and missed detections.
    """

    def __init__(self, prob_thresh=0.5):

        internal_path = pkg_resources.resource_filename(
            __name__, os.path.join("data", "tinyface_detector"),
        )

        checkpoint_path = (
            internal_path
            if rc["bob.ip.facedetect.models.tinyface_detector"] is None
            else rc["bob.ip.facedetect.models.tinyface_detector"]
        )

        urls = [
            "https://www.idiap.ch/software/bob/data/bob/bob.ip.facedetect/master/tinyface_detector.tar.gz"
        ]

        os.makedirs(checkpoint_path, exist_ok=True)
        download_and_unzip(
            urls, os.path.join(checkpoint_path, "tinyface_detector.tar.gz")
        )

        self.checkpoint_path = checkpoint_path

        self.MAX_INPUT_DIM = 5000.0
        self.prob_thresh = prob_thresh
        self.nms_thresh = 0.1
        self.model_root = pkg_resources.resource_filename(
            __name__, self.checkpoint_path
        )

        sym, arg_params, aux_params = mx.model.load_checkpoint(
            os.path.join(self.checkpoint_path, "hr101"), 0
        )
        all_layers = sym.get_internals()

        meta_file = open(os.path.join(self.checkpoint_path, "meta.pkl"), "rb")
        self.clusters = pickle.load(meta_file)
        self.averageImage = pickle.load(meta_file)
        meta_file.close()
        self.clusters_h = self.clusters[:, 3] - self.clusters[:, 1] + 1
        self.clusters_w = self.clusters[:, 2] - self.clusters[:, 0] + 1
        self.normal_idx = np.where(self.clusters[:, 4] == 1)

        self.mod = mx.mod.Module(
            symbol=all_layers["fusex_output"], data_names=["data"], label_names=None
        )
        self.mod.bind(
            for_training=False,
            data_shapes=[("data", (1, 3, 224, 224))],
            label_shapes=None,
            force_rebind=False,
        )
        self.mod.set_params(
            arg_params=arg_params, aux_params=aux_params, force_init=False
        )

    @staticmethod
    def _nms(dets, prob_thresh):

        x1 = dets[:, 0]
        y1 = dets[:, 1]
        x2 = dets[:, 2]
        y2 = dets[:, 3]
        scores = dets[:, 4]

        areas = (x2 - x1 + 1) * (y2 - y1 + 1)

        order = scores.argsort()[::-1]

        keep = []
        while order.size > 0:
            i = order[0]
            keep.append(i)
            xx1 = np.maximum(x1[i], x1[order[1:]])
            yy1 = np.maximum(y1[i], y1[order[1:]])
            xx2 = np.minimum(x2[i], x2[order[1:]])
            yy2 = np.minimum(y2[i], y2[order[1:]])
            w = np.maximum(0.0, xx2 - xx1 + 1)
            h = np.maximum(0.0, yy2 - yy1 + 1)
            inter = w * h

            ovr = inter / (areas[i] + areas[order[1:]] - inter)
            inds = np.where(ovr <= prob_thresh)[0]

            order = order[inds + 1]
        return keep

    def detect(self, img):
        """Detects and annotates all faces in the image.

        Parameters
        ----------
        image : numpy.ndarray
            An RGB image in Bob format.

        Returns
        -------
        list
            A list of annotations. Annotations are dictionaries that contain the
            following keys: ``topleft``, ``bottomright``, ``reye``, ``leye``. 
            (``reye`` and ``leye`` are the estimated results, not captured by the 
            model.)
        """
        raw_img = img
        if len(raw_img.shape) == 2:
            raw_img = gray_to_rgb(raw_img)
        assert img.shape[0] == 3, img.shape

        raw_img = to_matplotlib(raw_img)
        raw_img = raw_img[..., ::-1]

        raw_h = raw_img.shape[0]
        raw_w = raw_img.shape[1]

        raw_img = cv.cvtColor(raw_img, cv.COLOR_BGR2RGB)
        raw_img_f = raw_img.astype(np.float32)

        min_scale = min(
            np.floor(np.log2(np.max(self.clusters_w[self.normal_idx] / raw_w))),
            np.floor(np.log2(np.max(self.clusters_h[self.normal_idx] / raw_h))),
        )
        max_scale = min(1.0, -np.log2(max(raw_h, raw_w) / self.MAX_INPUT_DIM))

        scales_down = np.arange(min_scale, 0 + 0.0001, 1.0)
        scales_up = np.arange(0.5, max_scale + 0.0001, 0.5)
        scales_pow = np.hstack((scales_down, scales_up))
        scales = np.power(2.0, scales_pow)

        start = time.time()
        bboxes = np.empty(shape=(0, 5))
        for s in scales[::-1]:
            img = cv.resize(raw_img_f, (0, 0), fx=s, fy=s)
            img = np.transpose(img, (2, 0, 1))
            img = img - self.averageImage

            tids = []
            if s <= 1.0:
                tids = list(range(4, 12))
            else:
                tids = list(range(4, 12)) + list(range(18, 25))
            ignoredTids = list(set(range(0, self.clusters.shape[0])) - set(tids))
            img_h = img.shape[1]
            img_w = img.shape[2]
            img = img[np.newaxis, :]

            self.mod.reshape(data_shapes=[("data", (1, 3, img_h, img_w))])
            self.mod.forward(Batch([mx.nd.array(img)]))
            self.mod.get_outputs()[0].wait_to_read()
            fusex_res = self.mod.get_outputs()[0]

            score_cls = mx.nd.slice_axis(
                fusex_res, axis=1, begin=0, end=25, name="score_cls"
            )
            score_reg = mx.nd.slice_axis(
                fusex_res, axis=1, begin=25, end=None, name="score_reg"
            )
            prob_cls = mx.nd.sigmoid(score_cls)

            prob_cls_np = prob_cls.asnumpy()
            prob_cls_np[0, ignoredTids, :, :] = 0.0

            _, fc, fy, fx = np.where(prob_cls_np > self.prob_thresh)

            cy = fy * 8 - 1
            cx = fx * 8 - 1
            ch = self.clusters[fc, 3] - self.clusters[fc, 1] + 1
            cw = self.clusters[fc, 2] - self.clusters[fc, 0] + 1

            Nt = self.clusters.shape[0]

            score_reg_np = score_reg.asnumpy()
            tx = score_reg_np[0, 0:Nt, :, :]
            ty = score_reg_np[0, Nt : 2 * Nt, :, :]
            tw = score_reg_np[0, 2 * Nt : 3 * Nt, :, :]
            th = score_reg_np[0, 3 * Nt : 4 * Nt, :, :]

            dcx = cw * tx[fc, fy, fx]
            dcy = ch * ty[fc, fy, fx]
            rcx = cx + dcx
            rcy = cy + dcy
            rcw = cw * np.exp(tw[fc, fy, fx])
            rch = ch * np.exp(th[fc, fy, fx])

            score_cls_np = score_cls.asnumpy()
            scores = score_cls_np[0, fc, fy, fx]

            tmp_bboxes = np.vstack(
                (rcx - rcw / 2, rcy - rch / 2, rcx + rcw / 2, rcy + rch / 2)
            )
            tmp_bboxes = np.vstack((tmp_bboxes / s, scores))
            tmp_bboxes = tmp_bboxes.transpose()
            bboxes = np.vstack((bboxes, tmp_bboxes))

        refind_idx = self._nms(bboxes, self.nms_thresh)
        refind_bboxes = bboxes[refind_idx]
        refind_bboxes = refind_bboxes.astype(np.int32)

        annotations = refind_bboxes
        annots = []
        for i in range(len(refind_bboxes)):
            topleft = float(annotations[i][1]), float(annotations[i][0])
            bottomright = float(annotations[i][3]), float(annotations[i][2])
            width = float(annotations[i][2]) - float(annotations[i][0])
            length = float(annotations[i][3]) - float(annotations[i][1])
            right_eye = (
                (0.37) * length + float(annotations[i][1]),
                (0.3) * width + float(annotations[i][0]),
            )
            left_eye = (
                (0.37) * length + float(annotations[i][1]),
                (0.7) * width + float(annotations[i][0]),
            )
            annots.append(
                {
                    "topleft": topleft,
                    "bottomright": bottomright,
                    "reye": right_eye,
                    "leye": left_eye,
                }
            )

        return annots