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#!/usr/bin/env python
# vim: set fileencoding=utf-8 :
# Manuel Guenther <manuel.guenther@idiap.ch>
# Tue Jul 2 14:52:49 CEST 2013
#
# Copyright (C) 2011-2013 Idiap Research Institute, Martigny, Switzerland
#
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, version 3 of the License.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the ipyplotied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

from __future__ import print_function

"""This script evaluates the given score files and computes EER, HTER.
It also is able to plot CMC and ROC curves."""

import bob.measure

import argparse
import numpy, math
import os

# matplotlib stuff
import matplotlib
from matplotlib import pyplot
from matplotlib.backends.backend_pdf import PdfPages

# enable LaTeX interpreter
matplotlib.rc('text', usetex=True)
matplotlib.rc('font', family='serif')
matplotlib.rc('lines', linewidth = 4)
# increase the default font size
matplotlib.rc('font', size=18)

import bob.core
logger = bob.core.log.setup("bob.bio.base")


def command_line_arguments(command_line_parameters):
  """Parse the program options"""

  # set up command line parser
  parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description=__doc__,
      formatter_class=argparse.ArgumentDefaultsHelpFormatter)

  parser.add_argument('-d', '--dev-files', required=True, nargs='+', help = "A list of score files of the development set.")
  parser.add_argument('-e', '--eval-files', nargs='+', help = "A list of score files of the evaluation set; if given it must be the same number of files as the --dev-files.")

  parser.add_argument('-s', '--directory', default = '.', help = "A directory, where to find the --dev-files and the --eval-files")

  parser.add_argument('-c', '--criterion', choices = ('EER', 'HTER'), help = "If given, the threshold of the development set will be computed with this criterion.")
  parser.add_argument('-x', '--cllr', action = 'store_true', help = "If given, Cllr and minCllr will be computed.")
  parser.add_argument('-m', '--mindcf', action = 'store_true', help = "If given, minDCF will be computed.")
  parser.add_argument('--cost', default=0.99,  help='Cost for FAR in minDCF')
  parser.add_argument('-r', '--rr', action = 'store_true', help = "If given, the Recognition Rate will be computed.")
  parser.add_argument('-l', '--legends', nargs='+', help = "A list of legend strings used for ROC, CMC and DET plots; if given, must be the same number than --dev-files.")
  parser.add_argument('-F', '--legend-font-size', type=int, default=18, help = "Set the font size of the legends.")
  parser.add_argument('-P', '--legend-position', type=int, help = "Set the font size of the legends.")
  parser.add_argument('-R', '--roc', help = "If given, ROC curves will be plotted into the given pdf file.")
  parser.add_argument('-D', '--det', help = "If given, DET curves will be plotted into the given pdf file.")
  parser.add_argument('-C', '--cmc', help = "If given, CMC curves will be plotted into the given pdf file.")
  parser.add_argument('-p', '--parser', default = '4column', choices = ('4column', '5column'), help="The style of the resulting score files. The default fits to the usual output of FaceRecLib score files.")

  parser.add_argument('--self-test', action='store_true', help=argparse.SUPPRESS)

  # add verbose option
  bob.core.log.add_command_line_option(parser)

  # parse arguments
  args = parser.parse_args(command_line_parameters)

  # set verbosity level
  bob.core.log.set_verbosity_level(logger, args.verbose)


  # some sanity checks:
  if args.eval_files is not None and len(args.dev_files) != len(args.eval_files):
    logger.error("The number of --dev-files (%d) and --eval-files (%d) are not identical", len(args.dev_files), len(args.eval_files))

  # update legends when they are not specified on command line
  if args.legends is None:
    args.legends = [f.replace('_', '-') for f in args.dev_files]
    logger.warn("Legends are not specified; using legends estimated from --dev-files: %s", args.legends)

  # check that the legends have the same length as the dev-files
  if len(args.dev_files) != len(args.legends):
    logger.error("The number of --dev-files (%d) and --legends (%d) are not identical", len(args.dev_files), len(args.legends))

  return args


def _plot_roc(frrs, colors, labels, title, fontsize=18, position=None):
  if position is None: position = 4
  figure = pyplot.figure()
  # plot FAR and CAR for each algorithm
  for i in range(len(frrs)):
    pyplot.semilogx([100.0*f for f in frrs[i][0]], [100. - 100.0*f for f in frrs[i][1]], color=colors[i], lw=2, ms=10, mew=1.5, label=labels[i])

  # finalize plot
  pyplot.plot([0.1,0.1],[0,100], "--", color=(0.3,0.3,0.3))
  pyplot.axis([frrs[0][0][0]*100,100,0,100])
  pyplot.xticks((0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100), ('0.01', '0.1', '1', '10', '100'))
  pyplot.xlabel('FAR (\%)')
  pyplot.ylabel('CAR (\%)')
  pyplot.grid(True, color=(0.6,0.6,0.6))
  pyplot.legend(loc=position, prop = {'size':fontsize})
  pyplot.title(title)

  return figure


def _plot_det(dets, colors, labels, title, fontsize=18, position=None):
  if position is None: position = 1
  # open new page for current plot
  figure = pyplot.figure(figsize=(8.2,8))

  # plot the DET curves
  for i in range(len(dets)):
    pyplot.plot(dets[i][0], dets[i][1], color=colors[i], lw=2, ms=10, mew=1.5, label=labels[i])

  # change axes accordingly
  det_list = [0.0002, 0.001, 0.005, 0.01, 0.02, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9, 0.95]
  ticks = [bob.measure.ppndf(d) for d in det_list]
  labels = [("%.5f" % (d*100)).rstrip('0').rstrip('.') for d in det_list]
  pyplot.xticks(ticks, labels)
  pyplot.yticks(ticks, labels)
  pyplot.axis((ticks[0], ticks[-1], ticks[0], ticks[-1]))

  pyplot.xlabel('FAR (\%)')
  pyplot.ylabel('FRR (\%)')
  pyplot.legend(loc=position, prop = {'size':fontsize})
  pyplot.title(title)

  return figure

def _plot_cmc(cmcs, colors, labels, title, fontsize=18, position=None):
  if position is None: position = 4
  # open new page for current plot
  figure = pyplot.figure()

  max_x = 0
  # plot the DET curves
  for i in range(len(cmcs)):
    x = bob.measure.plot.cmc(cmcs[i], figure=figure, color=colors[i], lw=2, ms=10, mew=1.5, label=labels[i])
    max_x = max(x, max_x)

  # change axes accordingly
  ticks = [int(t) for t in pyplot.xticks()[0]]
  pyplot.xlabel('Rank')
  pyplot.ylabel('Probability (\%)')
  pyplot.xticks(ticks, [str(t) for t in ticks])
  pyplot.axis([0, max_x, 0, 100])
  pyplot.legend(loc=position, prop = {'size':fontsize})
  pyplot.title(title)

  return figure


def main(command_line_parameters=None):
  """Reads score files, computes error measures and plots curves."""

  args = command_line_arguments(command_line_parameters)

  # get some colors for plotting
  cmap = pyplot.cm.get_cmap(name='hsv')
  colors = [cmap(i) for i in numpy.linspace(0, 1.0, len(args.dev_files)+1)]

  if args.criterion or args.roc or args.det or args.cllr or args.mindcf:
    score_parser = {'4column' : bob.measure.load.split_four_column, '5column' : bob.measure.load.split_five_column}[args.parser]

    # First, read the score files
    logger.info("Loading %d score files of the development set", len(args.dev_files))
    scores_dev = [score_parser(os.path.join(args.directory, f)) for f in args.dev_files]

    if args.eval_files:
      logger.info("Loading %d score files of the evaluation set", len(args.eval_files))
      scores_eval = [score_parser(os.path.join(args.directory, f)) for f in args.eval_files]


    if args.criterion:
      logger.info("Computing %s on the development " % args.criterion + ("and HTER on the evaluation set" if args.eval_files else "set"))
      for i in range(len(scores_dev)):
        # compute threshold on development set
        threshold = {'EER': bob.measure.eer_threshold, 'HTER' : bob.measure.min_hter_threshold} [args.criterion](scores_dev[i][0], scores_dev[i][1])
        # apply threshold to development set
        far, frr = bob.measure.farfrr(scores_dev[i][0], scores_dev[i][1], threshold)
        print("The %s of the development set of '%s' is %2.3f%%" % (args.criterion, args.legends[i], (far + frr) * 50.)) # / 2 * 100%
        if args.eval_files:
          # apply threshold to evaluation set
          far, frr = bob.measure.farfrr(scores_eval[i][0], scores_eval[i][1], threshold)
          print("The HTER of the evaluation set of '%s' is %2.3f%%" % (args.legends[i], (far + frr) * 50.)) # / 2 * 100%


    if args.mindcf:
      logger.info("Computing minDCF on the development " + ("and on the evaluation set" if args.eval_files else "set"))
      for i in range(len(scores_dev)):
        # compute threshold on development set
        threshold = bob.measure.min_weighted_error_rate_threshold(scores_dev[i][0], scores_dev[i][1], args.cost)
        # apply threshold to development set
        far, frr = bob.measure.farfrr(scores_dev[i][0], scores_dev[i][1], threshold)
        print("The minDCF of the development set of '%s' is %2.3f%%" % (args.legends[i], (args.cost * far + (1-args.cost) * frr) * 100. ))
        if args.eval_files:
          # compute threshold on evaluation set
          threshold = bob.measure.min_weighted_error_rate_threshold(scores_eval[i][0], scores_eval[i][1], args.cost)
          # apply threshold to evaluation set
          far, frr = bob.measure.farfrr(scores_eval[i][0], scores_eval[i][1], threshold)
          print("The minDCF of the evaluation set of '%s' is %2.3f%%" % (args.legends[i], (args.cost * far + (1-args.cost) * frr) * 100. ))


    if args.cllr:
      logger.info("Computing Cllr and minCllr on the development " + ("and on the evaluation set" if args.eval_files else "set"))
      for i in range(len(scores_dev)):
        cllr = bob.measure.calibration.cllr(scores_dev[i][0], scores_dev[i][1])
        min_cllr = bob.measure.calibration.min_cllr(scores_dev[i][0], scores_dev[i][1])
        print("Calibration performance on development set of '%s' is Cllr %1.5f and minCllr %1.5f " % (args.legends[i], cllr, min_cllr))
        if args.eval_files:
          cllr = bob.measure.calibration.cllr(scores_eval[i][0], scores_eval[i][1])
          min_cllr = bob.measure.calibration.min_cllr(scores_eval[i][0], scores_eval[i][1])
          print("Calibration performance on evaluation set of '%s' is Cllr %1.5f and minCllr %1.5f" % (args.legends[i], cllr, min_cllr))


    if args.roc:
      logger.info("Computing CAR curves on the development " + ("and on the evaluation set" if args.eval_files else "set"))
      fars = [math.pow(10., i * 0.25) for i in range(-16,0)] + [1.]
      frrs_dev = [bob.measure.roc_for_far(scores[0], scores[1], fars) for scores in scores_dev]
      if args.eval_files:
        frrs_eval = [bob.measure.roc_for_far(scores[0], scores[1], fars) for scores in scores_eval]

      logger.info("Plotting ROC curves to file '%s'", args.roc)
      try:
        # create a multi-page PDF for the ROC curve
        pdf = PdfPages(args.roc)
        # create a separate figure for dev and eval
        pdf.savefig(_plot_roc(frrs_dev, colors, args.legends, "ROC curve for development set", args.legend_font_size, args.legend_position))
        del frrs_dev
        if args.eval_files:
          pdf.savefig(_plot_roc(frrs_eval, colors, args.legends, "ROC curve for evaluation set", args.legend_font_size, args.legend_position))
          del frrs_eval
        pdf.close()
      except RuntimeError as e:
        raise RuntimeError("During plotting of ROC curves, the following exception occured:\n%s\nUsually this happens when the label contains characters that LaTeX cannot parse." % e)

    if args.det:
      logger.info("Computing DET curves on the development " + ("and on the evaluation set" if args.eval_files else "set"))
      dets_dev = [bob.measure.det(scores[0], scores[1], 1000) for scores in scores_dev]
      if args.eval_files:
        dets_eval = [bob.measure.det(scores[0], scores[1], 1000) for scores in scores_eval]

      logger.info("Plotting DET curves to file '%s'", args.det)
      try:
        # create a multi-page PDF for the ROC curve
        pdf = PdfPages(args.det)
        # create a separate figure for dev and eval
        pdf.savefig(_plot_det(dets_dev, colors, args.legends, "DET plot for development set", args.legend_font_size, args.legend_position))
        del dets_dev
        if args.eval_files:
          pdf.savefig(_plot_det(dets_eval, colors, args.legends, "DET plot for evaluation set", args.legend_font_size, args.legend_position))
          del dets_eval
        pdf.close()
      except RuntimeError as e:
        raise RuntimeError("During plotting of ROC curves, the following exception occured:\n%s\nUsually this happens when the label contains characters that LaTeX cannot parse." % e)


  if args.cmc or args.rr:
    logger.info("Loading CMC data on the development " + ("and on the evaluation set" if args.eval_files else "set"))
    cmc_parser = {'4column' : bob.measure.load.cmc_four_column, '5column' : bob.measure.load.cmc_five_column}[args.parser]
    cmcs_dev = [cmc_parser(os.path.join(args.directory, f)) for f in args.dev_files]
    if args.eval_files:
      cmcs_eval = [cmc_parser(os.path.join(args.directory, f)) for f in args.eval_files]

  if args.cmc:
    logger.info("Plotting CMC curves to file '%s'", args.cmc)
    try:
      # create a multi-page PDF for the ROC curve
      pdf = PdfPages(args.cmc)
      # create a separate figure for dev and eval
      pdf.savefig(_plot_cmc(cmcs_dev, colors, args.legends, "CMC curve for development set", args.legend_font_size, args.legend_position))
      if args.eval_files:
        pdf.savefig(_plot_cmc(cmcs_eval, colors, args.legends, "CMC curve for evaluation set", args.legend_font_size, args.legend_position))
      pdf.close()
    except RuntimeError as e:
      raise RuntimeError("During plotting of ROC curves, the following exception occured:\n%s\nUsually this happens when the label contains characters that LaTeX cannot parse." % e)

  if args.rr:
    logger.info("Computing recognition rate on the development " + ("and on the evaluation set" if args.eval_files else "set"))
    for i in range(len(cmcs_dev)):
      rr = bob.measure.recognition_rate(cmcs_dev[i])
      print("The Recognition Rate of the development set of '%s' is %2.3f%%" % (args.legends[i], rr * 100.))
      if args.eval_files:
        rr = bob.measure.recognition_rate(cmcs_eval[i])
        print("The Recognition Rate of the development set of '%s' is %2.3f%%" % (args.legends[i], rr * 100.))