[test][docker_execution] Add test for setup in cxx algorithm

This test ensures that the setup feature works properly.
4 jobs for cxx_setup_test in 18 minutes and 11 seconds (queued for 4 seconds)
Status Job ID Name Coverage
  Build
passed #203912
docker-build
build_linux_36

00:14:59

64.0%
passed #203913
docker-build
build_linux_37

00:14:51

64.0%
passed #203910
macosx
build_macosx_36

00:18:05

64.0%
passed #203911
macosx
build_macosx_37

00:17:47

64.0%